# Source code for casatasks.information.imstat

```
#
# stub function definition file for docstring parsing
#
[docs]def imstat(imagename, axes='-1', region='', box='', chans='', stokes='', listit=True, verbose=True, mask='', stretch=False, logfile='', append=True, algorithm='classic', fence=-1, center='mean', lside=True, zscore=-1, maxiter=-1, clmethod='auto', niter=3):
r"""
Calculates statistical information from an image or image region
[`Description`_] [`Examples`_] [`Development`_] [`Details`_]
Parameters
- imagename_ (path) - Name of the input image
- axes_ (variant='-1') - List of axes to evaluate statistics over. Default is all axes.
- region_ ({string, string, record}='') - Region selection. Default is to use the full image.
- box_ (string='') - Rectangular region(s) to select in direction plane. Default is to use the entire direction plane.
- chans_ (string='') - Channels to use. Default is to use all channels.
- stokes_ (string='') - Stokes planes to use. Default is to use all Stokes planes.
- listit_ (bool=True) - Print stats and bounding box to logger?
- verbose_ (bool=True) - Print additional messages to logger?
- mask_ (string='') - Mask to use. Default is none.
.. raw:: html
<details><summary><i> mask != '' </i></summary>
- stretch_ (bool=False) - Stretch the mask if necessary and possible?
.. raw:: html
</details>
- logfile_ (string='') - Name of file to write fit results.
.. raw:: html
<details><summary><i> logfile != '' </i></summary>
- append_ (bool=True) - If logfile exists, append to it if True or overwrite it if False
.. raw:: html
</details>
- algorithm_ (string='classic') - Algorithm to use. Supported values are "biweight", "chauvenet", "classic", "fit-half", and "hinges-fences". Minimum match is supported.
.. raw:: html
<details><summary><i> algorithm = classic </i></summary>
- clmethod_ (string='auto') - Method to use for calculating classical statistics. Supported methods are "auto", "tiled", and "framework". Ignored if algorithm is not "classic".
.. raw:: html
</details>
.. raw:: html
<details><summary><i> algorithm = hinges-fences </i></summary>
- fence_ (double=-1) - Fence value for hinges-fences. A negative value means use the entire data set (ie default to the "classic" algorithm). Ignored if algorithm is not "hinges-fences".
.. raw:: html
</details>
.. raw:: html
<details><summary><i> algorithm = fit-half </i></summary>
- center_ (string='mean') - Center to use for fit-half. Valid choices are "mean", "median", and "zero". Ignored if algorithm is not "fit-half".
- lside_ (bool=True) - For fit-half, use values <= center for real data if True? If False, use values >= center as real data. Ignored if algorithm is not "fit-half".
.. raw:: html
</details>
.. raw:: html
<details><summary><i> algorithm = chauvenet </i></summary>
- zscore_ (double=-1) - For chauvenet, this is the target maximum number of standard deviations data may have to be included. If negative, use Chauvenet"s criterion. Ignored if algorithm is not "chauvenet".
- maxiter_ (int=-1) - For chauvenet, this is the maximum number of iterations to attempt. Iterating will stop when either this limit is reached, or the zscore criterion is met. If negative, iterate until the zscore criterion is met. Ignored if algorithm is not "chauvenet".
.. raw:: html
</details>
.. raw:: html
<details><summary><i> algorithm = biweight </i></summary>
- niter_ (int=3) - For biweight, this is the maximum number of iterations to attempt. Iterating will stop when either this limit is reached, or the zscore criterion is met. If negative, do a fast, simple computation (see description). Ignored if the algorithm is not "biweight".
.. raw:: html
</details>
.. _Returns:
Returns
stats (dict) - image statistics computed over given axes
.. _Description:
Description
.. warning:: There are `Known Issues <../../notebooks/introduction.html#Known-Issues>`__ for imstat.
Many parameters are determined from the specified region of an
image. The region can be specified by a set of rectangular pixel
coordinates, the channel ranges and the
Stokes or a region file.
.. warning:: **Alert:** When both the *region* parameter and any of
*box*/*chans*/*stokes* are specified simultaneously, the task
may perform unwanted selections, so this should be avoided. See
this chapter on region files
for more information.
For directed output, run as:
::
myoutput=imstat()
General procedure:
::
#Specify inputs, then
myoutput=imstat()
# or specify inputs directly in calling sequence to task
myoutput=imstat(imagename='image.im', etc)
myoutput['KEYS'] # will contain the result associated with any of the keys given below
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| KEYS | DESCRIPTION |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| blc | absolute PIXEL coordinate of the |
| | bottom left corner of the |
| | bounding box surrounding the |
| | selected region |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| blcf | Same as blc, but uses WORLD |
| | coordinates instead of pixels |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| trc | the absolute PIXEL coordinate of |
| | the top right corner of the |
| | bounding box surrounding the |
| | selected region |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| trcf | Same as trc, but uses WORLD |
| | coordinates instead of pixels |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| flux | the flux or flux density. See |
| | below for details. |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| npts | the number of unmasked points |
| | used |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| max | the maximum pixel value |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| min | minimum pixel value |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| maxpos | absolute PIXEL coordinate of |
| | maximum pixel value |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| maxposf | Same as maxpos, but uses WORLD |
| | coordinates instead of pixels |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| minpos | absolute pixel coordinate of |
| | minimum pixel value |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| minposf | Same as minpos, but uses WORLD |
| | coordinates instead of pixels |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| sum | the sum of the pixel |
| | values: :math:`\sum I_i` |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| sumsq | the sum of the squares of the |
| | pixel values: :math:`\sum I_i^2` |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| mean | the mean of pixel |
| | values |
| | : :math:`\bar{I} = \sum I_i / n` |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| sigma | the standard deviation about the |
| | mean: :math:`\sigma^2 |
| | = (\sum I_i - \bar{I})^2 / (n-1)` |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| rms | the root mean |
| | square |
| | : :math:`\sqrt {\sum I_i^2 / n}` |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| median | the median pixel value |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| medabsdevmed | the median of the absolute |
| | deviations from the median |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| quartile | the inner-quartile range. Find |
| | the points which are 25% largest |
| | and 75% largest (the median is |
| | 50% largest). |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| q1 | the first quartile |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
| q3 | the third quartile |
+-----------------------------------+-----------------------------------+
.. rubric:: CURSOR AXES
The *axes* parameter allows one to set the cursor axes over
which statistics are computed. For example, consider a
3-dimensional image for which *axes=[0,2]*. The statistics would
be computed for each XZ (axes 0 and 2) plane in the image. One
could then examine those statistics as a function of the Y (axis
1) axis.
Each statistic is stored in an array in its own field in the
returned dictionary. The dimensionality of these arrays is equal
to the number of axes over which the statistics were not
evaluated (called the display axes). For example, if the input
image has four axes, and *axes=[0]*, the output statistic arrays
will have three dimensions. If *axes=[0, 1]*, the output
statistic arrays will have two dimensions.
The shape of the output arrays when axes has a positive number
of elements is based on the region selection. If there is no
region selection, the shape of the statistic arrays is just the
shape of the image along the display (non-cursor) axes. For
example, if the input image has dimensions of 300x400x4x80 (RA x
Dec x Stokes x Freq) and *axes=[0, 1]*, in the absence of a
region selection, the shape of the output statistic arrays will
be 4x80. If there is a region selection, the shape of the output
statistic arrays will be determined by the number of planes
along the display axes chosen in the region selection. For
example, continuing with our example, if *axes=[0,1]*,
*chans="5~15;30~70"*, and *stokes="IV"*, the output statistic
arrays will have shapes of 2x52. Only the selected planes will
be displayed in the logger output if *verbose=True*.
In the case where the image has a pixel mask, and/or the *mask*
parameter is specified, and because of this specification a
plane is entirely masked, this element is included in the
statistic arrays (usually with a value of 0). It is not included
in the logger output if *verbose=True*. One can exclude such
elements from computations on the output arrays by using the
numpy.extract() method. For example, to compute the minimum rms
value, not including any fully masked planes, one could use
::
stats = imstat(...)
rmsmin = numpy.min(numpy.extract(stats['npts']>0,
stats['rms']))
Thus in the computation of rmsmin, only the rms elements are
considered which have associated values of 'npts' that are greater
than zero.
.. rubric:: ALGORITHMS
Several types of statistical algorithms are supported:
.. rubric:: CLASSIC
This is the familiar algorithm, in which all unmasked pixels are
used. One may choose one of two methods, which vary only by
performance, for computing classic statistics via the *clmethod*
parameter. The "tiled" method is the old method and is fastest in
cases where there are a large number of individual sets of
statistics to be computed and a small number of data points per
set. This can occur when one sets the *axes* parameter, which
causes several individual sets of statistics to be computed. The
"framework" method uses the new statistics framework to compute
statistics. This method is fastest in the regime where one has a
small number of individual sets of statistics to calculate, and
each set has a large number of points. For example, this method is
fastest when computing statistics over an entire image in one go
(no *axes* specified). A third option, "auto", chooses which
method to use by predicting which be faster based on the number of
pixels in the image and the choice of the *axes* parameter.
.. rubric:: FIT-HALF
This algorithm calculates statistics on a dataset created from
real and virtual pixel values. The real values are determined by
the input parameters *center* and *lside*. The parameter *center*
tells the algorithm where the center value of the combined
real+virtual dataset should be. Options are the mean or the median
of the input image's pixel values, or at zero. The *lside*
parameter tells the algorithm on which side of center the real
pixel values are located. True indicates that the real pixel
values to be used are ≤ center. False indicates the real pixel
values to be used are ≥ center. The virtual part of the dataset is
then created by reflecting all the real values through the center
value, to create a perfectly symmetric dataset composed of a real
and a virtual component. Statistics are then calculated on this
resultant dataset. These two parameters are ignored if algorithm
is not "FIT-HALF". Because the maximum value is virtual if *lside*
is True and the minimum value is virtual if *lside* is False, the
value of the maximum position (if *lside=True*) or minimum
position (if *lside=False*) is not reported in the returned
record.
.. rubric:: HINGES-FENCES
This algorithm calculates statistics by including data in a range
between :math:`Q1 - f*D` and :math:`Q3 + f*D`, inclusive, where Q1
is the first quartile of the distribution of unmasked data,
subject to any specified pixel ranges, Q3 is the third quartile,
:math:`D = Q3 - Q1` (the inner quartile range), and f is the
user-specified fence factor. Negative values of f indicate that
the full distribution is to be used (i.e., the classic algorithm
is used). Sufficiently large values of f will also be equivalent
to using the "CLASSIC" algorithm. For f = 0, only data in the
inner quartile range is used for computing statistics. The value
of fence is silently ignored if algorithm is not "HINGES-FENCES".
.. rubric:: CHAUVENET
The idea behind this algorithm is to eliminate outliers based on a
maximum *z-score* parameter value. A *z-score* is the number of
standard deviations a point is from the mean of a distribution.
This method thus is meant to be used for (nearly) normal
distributions. In general, this is an iterative process, with
successive iterations discarding additional outliers as the
remaining points become closer to forming a normal distribution.
Iterating stops when no additional points lie beyond the specified
*z-score* value, or, if *z-score* is negative, when Chauvenet's
criterion is met (see below). The parameter *maxiter* can be set
to a non-negative value to prematurely abort this iterative
process. When *verbose=T*, the "N-iter" column in the table that
is logged represents the number of iterations that were executed.
Chauvenet's criterion allows the target *z-score* to decrease as
the number of points in the distribution decreases on subsequent
iterations. Essentially, the criterion is that the probability of
having one point in a normal distribution at a maximum *z-score*
of z :sub:`max` must be at least 0.5. z :sub:`max` is therefore
a function of (only) the number of points in the distribution and
is given by
npts = 0.5/erfc(z :sub:`max`/:math:`\sqrt{2}`)
where erfc() is the complementary error function. As iterating
proceeds, the number of remaining points decreases as outliers are
discarded, and so z :sub:`max` likewise decreases. Convergence
occurs when all remaining points fall within a *z-score* of
z :sub:`max`. Below is an illustrative table of z :sub:`max`
values and their corresponding npts values. For example, it is
likely that there will be a 5-sigma "noise bump" in a perfectly
noisy image with one million independent elements.
+-------+-----------------+
| z max | **npts** |
+-------+-----------------+
| 1.0 | 1 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 1.5 | 3 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 2.0 | 10 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 2.5 | 40 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 3.0 | 185 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 3.5 | 1,074 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 4.0 | 7,893 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 4.5 | 73,579 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 5.0 | 872,138 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 5.5 | 13,165,126 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 6.0 | 253,398,672 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 6.5 | 6,225,098,696 |
+-------+-----------------+
| 7.0 | 195,341,107,722 |
+-------+-----------------+
.. rubric:: BIWEIGHT
The biweight is a robust method to determine the center and width
of a distribution. It uses the median and median absolute
deviation to effectively downweight points in the distribution
that are more than 4 standard deviations from the center of the
distribution and then computes center (i.e., "location") and the
width (i.e., "scale") of the distribution. These quantities are
analogous to the mean and the standard deviation for a standard
normal distribution. Our implementation is based on the equations
in Beers 1990 [1]_ and Iglewicz 1983 [2]_.
The data weights in this algorithm are
.. math:: w_i = (1 - u_i^2)
where :math:`u_i` is defined as
.. math:: u_i = \frac{ x_i - c_{bi} } { c s_{bi} }
The variable :math:`x_i` is the data values, :math:`c_{bi}` is
the biweight location, :math:`s_{bi}` is the biweight scale, and
:math:`c` is a constant. We adopt a value for :math:`c` of 6,
which gives zero weight to observations more than 4 standard
deviations from the median. For the initial computation of the
:math:`u_i` values, :math:`c_{bi}` is set equal to the median of
the distribution and :math:`s_{bi}` is set equal to the
normalized MAD (median of the absolute deviation about the
median), assuming a Gaussian distribution. This value is the MAD
multiplied by 1.4826, i.e., the value of the probit function at
0.75.
The location, :math:`c_{bi}`, is then computed from
.. math:: c_{bi} = \frac{ \sum_{w_i > 0} x_i w_i^2 } { \sum_{w_i > 0} w_i^2 }
where only values of :math:`u_i` which satisfy :math:`|u_i| < 1`
(:math:`w_i >0`) are included in the sums. Note that the weights
are zero, not undefined, for points beyond 4 sigma.
The scale value is computed using
.. math:: s_{bi}^2 = \frac{ n \sum_{w_i > 0} (x_i - c_{bi})^2 w_i^4} {p \max(1,p-1)}
where
.. math:: p = | \sum_{w_i > 0} w_i (5w_i - 4) |
Again, the above sum includes only data for which
:math:` | u_i | < 1` (:math:`w_i >0`). The variable n is the
number of points for the entire distribution, since points beyond
4 standard deviations are downweights, not removed.
The algorithm proceeds as follows.
1. Compute initial :math:`u_i` values (and hence :math:`w_i`
values) from the above equation, setting :math:`c_{bi}` equal to
the median of the distribution and :math:`s_{bi}` equal to the
normalized MAD.
2. Compute the initial value of the scale using the
:math:`w_i` values computed in step 1 using the equation for
:math:`s_{bi}`.
3. Recompute :math:`u_i` and :math:`w_i` values using the
most recent previous scale and location values.
4. Compute the location using the :math:`u_i` and
:math:`w_i` values from step 3 and the equation for
:math:`c_{bi}`.
5. Recompute :math:`u_i` and :math:`w_i` values using the
most recent previous scale and location values.
6. Compute the new scale value using the the :math:`u_i` and
:math:`w_i` values computed in step 5 and the value of the
location computed in step 4.
7. Steps 3 - 6 are repeated until convergence occurs or the
maximum number of iterations (specified in the *niter*
parameter) is reached. The convergence criterion is given by
.. math:: | (s_{bi} - s_{bi,prev})/s_{bi,prev} | < 0.03 \sqrt{ \frac{0.5}{n - 1}}
where :math:`s_{bi,prev}` is the value of the scale
computed in the previous iteration.
In the special case where *niter* is specified to be negative, the
scale and location will be computed directly with no iteration.
1. Compute :math:`u_i` and :math:`w_i` values using the
median for the location and the normalized MAD as the scale.
2. Compute the location and scale (which can be carried out
simultaneously) using the :math:`u_i` and :math:`w_i` values
computed in step 1. The value of the location used in the scale
computation is just the median.
The only keys present in the returned dictionary are 'mean'
(location), 'sigma' (scale), 'npts', 'min', and 'max' to maximize
speed. The last three represent the values using the entire
distribution. Note that the biweight algorithm does not support
computation of quantile-like values (median, medabsdevmed, q1, q3,
and iqr), so setting *robust=True* will cause a warning message to
be logged regarding that, and the computation will proceed. If you
want to compute these quantities in addition those values
calculated here, re-run **imstat** with selecting another
algorithm.
.. rubric:: NOTES ON FLUX DENSITIES AND FLUXES
.. note:: Explanation of terminology:
The terms "intensity" or "brightness" refer to quantities
with a unit such as Jy/beam or Kelvin (K).
The term "flux density" refers to quantities with a unit such
as Janskys (Jy). This is dimensionally equivalent to
W/m**2/Hz.
The term "flux" refers to a flux density integrated over the
spectral or velocity axis, such as Jy*km/s or Jy*Hz. These
are dimensionally equivalent to W/m**2.
Fluxes and flux densities are not computed if any of the following
conditions is met:
#. The image does not have a direction coordinate
#. The image does not have a intensity-like brightness unit.
Examples of such units are Jy/beam (in which case the image
must also have a beam) and Kelvin (K)
#. There are no direction axes in the cursor axes that are used
#. If the (specified region of the) image has a non-degenerate
spectral axis, and the image has a tabular spectral axis (axis
with varying increments) `[a] <#fna>`__
#. Any axis that is not a direction nor a spectral axis that is
included in the cursor axes is not degenerate within in
specified region
In cases where none of the above conditions is met, the flux
density(ies) (intensities integrated over direction planes) will
be computed if any of the following conditions is met:
#. The image has no spectral coordinate
#. The cursor axes do not include the spectral axis
#. The spectral axis in the chosen region is degenerate
In the case where there is a non-degenerate spectral axis that is
included in the cursor axes, the flux (flux density integrated
over spectral planes) will be computed. In this case, the spectral
portion of the flux unit will be the velocity unit of the spectral
coordinate if it has one (e.g., if the brightness unit is Jy/beam
and the velocity unit is km/s, the flux will have units of Jy
km/s). If not, the spectral portion of the flux unit will be the
frequency unit of the spectral axis (e.g., if the brightness unit
is K and the frequency unit is Hz, the resulting flux unit will be
K arcsec :sup:`2` Hz).
In both cases of flux density or flux being computed, the
resulting numerical value is assigned to the "flux" key in the
output dictionary.
If the image has units of Jy/beam, the flux density is just the
mean intensity multiplied by the number of beam areas included in
the region. The beam area is defined as the volume of the
elliptical Gaussian defined by the synthesized beam, divided by
the maximum of that function, which is equivalent to
:math:`\frac {π}{4 ln(2)} * FWHM_{major} * FWHM_{minor}`
where ln() is the natural logarithm and :math:`FWHM_{major}` and
:math:`FWHM_{minor}` are the major and minor full width at half
maximum (FWHM) axes of the beam, respectively.
.. rubric:: Task-specific Parameters Summary
*axes*
Cursor axes over which to evaluate statistics.
*listit*
Print stats and bounding box to logger?
*verbose*
Print additional, possibly useful, messages to logger?
*logfile*
Name of file to write statistic results.
*append*
If logfile exists, append to it if True or overwrite it if False.
*algorithm*
Algorithm to use. Supported values are "biweight", "chauvenet",
"classic", "fit-half", and "hinges-fences". Minimum match is
supported.
*fence*
Fence value for hinges-fences. A negative value means use the
entire data set (ie default to the "classic" algorithm). Ignored
if algorithm is not "hinges-fences".
*center*
Center to use for fit-half. Valid choices are "mean", "median",
and "zero". Ignored if algorithm is not "fit-half".
*lside*
For fit-half, use values <= center for real data if True? If
False, use values >= center as real data. Ignored if algorithm is
not "fit-half".
*zscore*
For chauvenet, this is the target maximum number of standard
deviations data may have to be included. If negative, use
Chauvenet's criterion. Ignored if algorithm is not "chauvenet".
*maxiter*
For chauvenet, this is the maximum number of iterations to
attempt. Iterating will stop when either this limit is reached, or
the zscore criterion is met. If negative, iterate until the zscore
criterion is met. Ignored if algorithm is not "chauvenet".
*clmethod*
Method to use for calculating classical statistics. Supported
methods are "auto", "tiled", and "framework". Ignored if algorithm
is not "classic".
*niter*
For biweight, this is the maximum number of iterations to attempt.
Iterating will stop when either this limit is reached, or the
convergence criterion is met. If negative, do a fast, simple
computation (see description). Ignored if the algorithm is not
"biweight".
.. rubric:: Bibliography
.. [1] Beers, T., Flynn, K., and Gebhardt, K. 1990. AJ, 100, 1, 32.
.. [2] Iglewicz, Boris. 1983. “Robust Scale Estimators and
Confidence Intervals for Location” in Understanding Robust and
Exploratory Data Analysis, eds. Hoaglin, David; Mosteller,
Frederick; and Tukey, John W., John Wiley and Sons,
Inc.
.. _Examples:
Examples
Select two-box region: box 1 (bottom-left coord is 2,3 and
top-right coord is 14,15) and box 2 (bottom-left coord is 30,31
and top-right coord is 42,43)
::
imstat('myImage', box='2,3,14,15,30,31,42,43')
Select the same two box regions but only channels 4 and 5
::
imstat('myImage', box='2,3,14,15,30,31,42,43', chan='4~5')
Select all channels greater than 20 as well as channel 0, then the
mean and standard deviation are printed
::
results = imstat('myImage', chans='>20;0')
print "Mean is: ", results['mean'], " s.d. ", results['sigma']
Find statistical information for the Q stokes value only, then the
I stokes values only, and printing out the statistical values that
we are interested in
::
s1 = imstat('myimage', stokes='Q')
s2 = imstat('myimage', stokes='I')
print " | MIN | MAX | MEAN"
print " Q | ",s1['min'][0]," | ",s1['max'][0]," | ",," | ",s1['mean'][0]
print " I | ",s2['min'][0]," | ",s2['max'][0]," | ",," | ",s2['mean'][0]
Evaluate statistics for each spectral plane in an ra x dec x
frequency image
::
myim = "noisy.im"
# generate an image
ia.fromshape(myim, [20,30,40])
# give pixels non-zero values
ia.addnoise()
ia.done()
# These are the display axes, the calculation of statistics occurs
# for each (hyper)plane along axes not listed in the axes parameter,
# in this case axis 2 (the frequency axis)
# display the rms for each frequency plane (your mileage will vary with
# the values).
stats = imstat(imagename=myim, axes=[0,1])
Printing the produced statistics using the desired KEY
::
CASA <1>:stats["rms"]
Out[10]:
array([ 0.99576014, 1.03813124, 0.97749186, 0.97587883, 1.04189885,
1.03784776, 1.03371549, 1.03153074, 1.00841606, 0.947155 ,
0.97335404, 0.94389403, 1.0010221 , 0.97151822, 1.03942156,
1.01158476, 0.96957082, 1.04212773, 1.00589049, 0.98696715,
1.00451481, 1.02307892, 1.03102005, 0.97334671, 0.95209879,
1.02088714, 0.96999902, 0.98661619, 1.01039267, 0.96842754,
0.99464947, 1.01536798, 1.02466023, 0.96956468, 0.98090756,
0.9835844 , 0.95698935, 1.05487967, 0.99846411, 0.99634868])
.. _Development:
Development
No additional development details
.. _Details:
Parameter Details
Detailed descriptions of each function parameter
.. _imagename:
| ``imagename (path)`` - Name of the input image
.. _axes:
| ``axes (variant='-1')`` - List of axes to evaluate statistics over. Default is all axes.
.. _region:
| ``region ({string, string, record}='')`` - Region selection. Default is to use the full image.
.. _box:
| ``box (string='')`` - Rectangular region(s) to select in direction plane. Default is to use the entire direction plane.
.. _chans:
| ``chans (string='')`` - Channels to use. Default is to use all channels.
.. _stokes:
| ``stokes (string='')`` - Stokes planes to use. Default is to use all Stokes planes.
.. _listit:
| ``listit (bool=True)`` - Print stats and bounding box to logger?
.. _verbose:
| ``verbose (bool=True)`` - Print additional messages to logger?
.. _mask:
| ``mask (string='')`` - Mask to use. Default is none.
.. _stretch:
| ``stretch (bool=False)`` - Stretch the mask if necessary and possible?
.. _logfile:
| ``logfile (string='')`` - Name of file to write fit results.
.. _append:
| ``append (bool=True)`` - If logfile exists, append to it if True or overwrite it if False
.. _algorithm:
| ``algorithm (string='classic')`` - Algorithm to use. Supported values are "biweight", "chauvenet", "classic", "fit-half", and "hinges-fences". Minimum match is supported.
.. _fence:
| ``fence (double=-1)`` - Fence value for hinges-fences. A negative value means use the entire data set (ie default to the "classic" algorithm). Ignored if algorithm is not "hinges-fences".
.. _center:
| ``center (string='mean')`` - Center to use for fit-half. Valid choices are "mean", "median", and "zero". Ignored if algorithm is not "fit-half".
.. _lside:
| ``lside (bool=True)`` - For fit-half, use values <= center for real data if True? If False, use values >= center as real data. Ignored if algorithm is not "fit-half".
.. _zscore:
| ``zscore (double=-1)`` - For chauvenet, this is the target maximum number of standard deviations data may have to be included. If negative, use Chauvenet"s criterion. Ignored if algorithm is not "chauvenet".
.. _maxiter:
| ``maxiter (int=-1)`` - For chauvenet, this is the maximum number of iterations to attempt. Iterating will stop when either this limit is reached, or the zscore criterion is met. If negative, iterate until the zscore criterion is met. Ignored if algorithm is not "chauvenet".
.. _clmethod:
| ``clmethod (string='auto')`` - Method to use for calculating classical statistics. Supported methods are "auto", "tiled", and "framework". Ignored if algorithm is not "classic".
.. _niter:
| ``niter (int=3)`` - For biweight, this is the maximum number of iterations to attempt. Iterating will stop when either this limit is reached, or the zscore criterion is met. If negative, do a fast, simple computation (see description). Ignored if the algorithm is not "biweight".
"""
pass
```