concat(vis, concatvis='', freqtol='', dirtol='', respectname=False, timesort=False, copypointing=True, visweightscale=[''], forcesingleephemfield='')¶
Concatenate several visibility data sets.
vis (stringArray) - Name of input visibility file
concatvis (string=’’) - Name of output visibility file
freqtol (variant=’’) - Frequency shift tolerance for considering data as the same spwid
dirtol (variant=’’) - Direction shift tolerance for considering data as the same field
respectname (bool=False) - If true, fields with a different name are not merged even if their direction agrees
timesort (bool=False) - If true, sort by TIME in ascending order
copypointing (bool=True) - Copy all rows of the POINTING table.
visweightscale (doubleArray=[‘’]) - List of the weight scaling factors to be applied to the individual MSs
forcesingleephemfield (variant=’’) - Make sure that there is only one joint ephemeris for every field in this list
This task concatenates several visibility data sets into a single MeasurementSet (MS).
Input and output MeasurementSets
The list of data sets given in the vis argument are chronologically concatenated into an output data set (named in concatvis), i.e. the data sets in vis are first ordered by the time of their earliest integration and then concatenated.
For example, *vis = [‘src2.ms’,’ngc5921.ms’,’ngc315.ms’], concatvis = ‘src2.ms’. *
If concatvis already exists (e.g., it is the same as the first input data set), then the other input data sets will be appended to the concatvis data set. There is no limit to the number of input data sets. If none of the input data sets has any scratch columns (model or corrected columns), none is created in the concatvis. Otherwise these columns are created on output and initialized to their default value (1 in model column, data in corrected column) for those data with no input scratch columns.
NOTE: If the concatvis output file exits on disk then the input files are added to this file. Otherwise the new file contains the concatenated data. Be careful here when concatenating to an existing file.
Spectral and position shift tolerances
Spectral windows for each data set with the same channelization (equal numbers of channels), and within a specified frequency tolerance (parameter freqtol) of another data set, will be combined into one spectral window. By default, freqtol = ‘’, which is understood by CASA to be a frequency tolerance of 1 Hz. For example, freqtol = ‘10MHz’ will not combine spectral windows unless they are within 10 MHz of each other.
NOTE: This option is useful to combine spectral windows with very slight frequency differences caused by Doppler tracking, for example.
A field position in one data set that is within a specified direction tolerance (parameter dirtol) of another field position in any other data set will be combined into one field. The field names need not be the same – only their position is used. In these cases, the actual direction and field name in the resulting, merged output field will be the ones from the chronologically-first input MS. Each appended dataset is assigned a new observation ID (provided the entries in the observation table are indeed different). By default, dirtol = ‘’, which is understood by CASA to be a position tolerance of 1 milliarcsec (mas). For example, dirtol = ‘1arcsec’ will not combine fields unless their phase centers differ by less than 1 arcsec. If the field names are different in the input data sets, the name in the output data set will be the first relevant data set in the list. Use the parameter respectname = True * to indicate that fields with a different name should not be merged even if their direction agrees (within *dirtol).
NOTE: There is no constraint on data that is simultaneously observed for more than one field; for example multi-source correlation of VLBA data.
Operations performed on output MeasurementSets
Use the parameter timesort = True to sort the output visibility table in time.
Set copypointing = True (the default behavior) to make a proper copy of the POINTING subtable (though this can be time-consuming). If False, the result is an empty POINTING table.
The weights of the individual MSs will be scaled in the concatenated output MS by the factors in the list given in visweightscale. SIGMA will be scaled by 1/sqrt(factor). This parameter is useful for handling heterogeneous arrays. Use plotms to inspect the “Wt” columns as reference for determining the scaling factors. For example, visweightscale = [1.,3.,3.] will scale the weights of the second and third MS by a factor 3 and the SIGMA column of these MSs by a factor 1/sqrt(3).
By default, concat will only merge two ephemeris fields if the first ephemeris covers the time range of the second. Otherwise, two separate fields with separate ephemerides are placed in the output MS. In order to override this behaviour and force concat to merge the non-overlapping or only partially overlapping input ephemerides, the name or ID of the field in question needs to be placed into the list in parameter forcesingleephemfield. For example, forcesingleephemfield = [‘Neptune’] will make sure that there is only one joint ephemeris for field Neptune in the output MS.
Concatenate ‘ngc5921.ms’ into ‘src2.ms’ (the original src2.ms is lost):
Concatenate ‘ngc5921.ms’ and ‘src2.ms’ into a file named ‘out.ms’ (the original ‘ngc5921.ms’ and ‘src2.ms’ are untouched):
Like the previous example but using a direction tolerance increased to 0.5 arcsec. Fields whose directions differ by less than this limit are merged into one field with the name and direction from the chronologically first input MS:
concat(vis=['src2.ms','ngc5921.ms'], concatvis='out.ms', dirtol='0.5arcsec')
Concatenate many MSs:
concat(vis=['v1.ms','v2.ms'], concatvis = 'vall.ms') #then concat(vis=['v3.ms','v4.ms'], concatvis = 'vall.ms')
vall.ms will contain v1.ms+v2.ms+v3.ms+v4.ms .
NOTE: Run flagmanager to save flags in the concatvis.
No additional development details
- Parameter Details
Detailed descriptions of each function parameter
vis (stringArray)- Name of input visibility filedefault: noneExample:vis=’[‘src2.ms’,’ngc5921.ms’,’ngc315.ms’]
concatvis (string='')- Name of visibility file that will contain theconcatenated datadefault: noneExample: concatvis=’outvis.ms’Note: if this file exits on disk then the inputfiles are added to this file. Otherwise the newfile contains the concatenated data. Be carefulhere when concatenating to an existing file.
freqtol (variant='')- Frequency shift tolerance for considering data as thesame spwid. The number of channels must also be the same.Default: ‘’ == 1 HzExample: freqtol=’10MHz’ will not combine spwidunless they are within 10 MHz.Note: This option is useful to combine spectralwindows with very slight frequency differencescaused by Doppler tracking, for example.
dirtol (variant='')- Direction shift tolerance for considering data as thesame fieldDefault: ‘’ == 1 mas (milliarcsec)Example: dirtol=’1arcsec’ will not combinedata for a field unless their phase centerdiffer by less than 1 arcsec.Note: If the field names are different in theinput data sets, the name in the output data setwill be the first relevant data set in the list.
respectname (bool=False)- If true, fields with a different name are not merged evenif their direction agrees (within dirtol)Default: False
timesort (bool=False)- If true, sort by TIME in ascending orderDefault: False (data in order as read in)Example: timesort=TrueNote: There is no constraint on data that issimultaneously observed for more than one field;for example multi-source correlation of VLBAdata.
copypointing (bool=True)- Make a proper copy of the POINTING subtableDefault:True (can be time consuming!)If False, the result is an empty POINTING table.
visweightscale (doubleArray=[''])- List of the weight scaling factors to be applied to theindividual MSsDefault:  (empty list) - no scalingThe weights of the individual MSs will be scaledin the concatenated output MS by the factors inthis list. SIGMA will be scaled by1/sqrt(factor). Useful for handling heterogeneousarrays. Use plotms to inspect the “Wt” column asa reference for determining the scaling factors.Example: [1.,3.,3.] - scale the weights of thesecond and third MS by a factor 3 and theSIGMA column of these MS by a factor1/sqrt(3).
forcesingleephemfield (variant='')- Make sure that there is only one joint ephemeris for every field in this listDefault: ‘’ (standard treatment of all ephemerisfields)By default, concat will only merge two ephemerisfields if the first ephemeris covers the timerange of the second. Otherwise, two separatefields with separate ephemerides are placed inthe output MS.In order to override this behaviour and makeconcat merge the non-overlapping or onlypartially overlapping input ephemerides, the nameor id of the field in question needs to be placedinto the list in parameter‘forcesingleephemfield’.Example: [‘Neptune’] - will make sure that thereis only one joint ephemeris for field Neptune inthe output MS